When plaque and calculus are not removed, periodontal disease attacks the gums and the bone structure that supports the teeth. As calculus continues to build up, the gum tissue and bone around the teeth can begin to recede. Periodontal disease progresses as bacteria, plaque, and calculus builds up in the pocket between the teeth and gums, which will continue to cause further damage to the bone and gum tissue without treatment.
Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease. Common signs and symptoms include swollen, bleeding gums, loose teeth, persistent bad breath, tenderness or discomfort. Treatments include deep cleaning of scaling and root planing. Medications, special medicated mouth rinses, and an electric tooth brush may be recommended to help control infection and promote healing.